Surgery - Laparoscopic

Surgery laparoscopic techniques are having a profound effect on the way abdominal procedures are being carried out. Known more colloquially as 'keyhole surgery', the whole system of laparoscopic surgery is based upon making as small an incision into the skin as possible, to carry out surgery with very small surgical instruments.

The theory is that this will cause less tension and damage to the physical body, allowing for fewer adverse reactions and a quicker recovery time. There are inevitably going to be some downsides, in that the size of the instruments and the remote operation inevitably mean more difficulty of operation.

Many people do not realize that laparoscopic surgeries have been around for over a century now, and believe them to be a relatively recent phenomenon. It was, in fact, right at the start of the twentieth century that pioneers of this technology first began carrying out these procedures on dogs. Exactly a century ago, the first successful operations were carried out on humans. The technology, however, only had very limited applications until the advent of electronics, and the ability for the surgeon to see right inside the area being operated on.

Laparoscopic surgery is used mainly to treat abdominal wounds, colon and bowel disease. Recently, however, the techniques have expanded to allow treatment of different types of cancer which affect the abdominal region. This is an important breakthrough, as a body already weakened by a crippling, often terminal illness can scarcely afford to be weakened any further by the surgeries which are designed to treat it. There is a vastly reduced stress on the human body from laparoscopic surgery when compared to the traditional surgeries it is replacing.

The initial trials of laparoscopic surgery back in the early days of the twentieth century were carried out on animals, and the techniques still have a lot to offer to veterinary surgery. Although most animals are considerably smaller than a human being, the techniques can still be carried out using today's very advanced electronic technology. This has implications way beyond the health of one animal. In the case of endangered species, the eggs can be looked after and kept safe whenever there is potential danger through an illness of the mother. These technologies could even prevent the extinction of rare species.

The future also promises more major developments in the techniques of surgery, laparoscopic equipment, and the way in which the operations are carried out. Robotic techniques are being added to the now almost traditional ways of carrying out these procedures. This allows for many far reaching possibilities, such as surgeons in the West carrying out operations on patients in the Third World through remote operation. There are certainly exciting times ahead for laparoscopic surgery.


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