Why Laparoscopic Nephrectomy Is The Safest Way To Remove A Diseased Kidney

Laparoscopic nephrectomy is the best way of removing a kidney when the organ has become diseased to the degree that there is no sensible alternative. Surgery to remove an organ is obviously not something which should be undertaken lightly, as there are obvious potential complications. In the case of a kidney, the body can survive perfectly well with only one functioning kidney, but what if that one develops a disease? If there is any way that the organ can be healed and saved, even if there is only a possibility of this, surgery should not be resorted to.

It also needs to pointed out that the diagnosis needs to be accurate and certain before this type of operation should be considered. This is also something which laparoscopic medicine can help with, as it confers several advantages to the diagnostic process. If you have diagnosed an illness based on blood and urine tests, or any other external source of information, it is as well to get this diagnosis confirmed by carrying out an exploratory laparoscopy.

Once the diagnosis is confirmed, you can then make an intelligent assessment of the best way of handling the situation. If there is any way to treat the illness without surgical removal, this should be tried first. There is always some consequence to removing an organ from the human body, even if it is very slight. If you are sure, however, that surgery is necessary, then you have to choose between standard open surgery and the new laparoscopic techniques. All else being equal, laparoscopy is the way to go.

I say all else being equal, because the exploratory laparoscopy may have revealed complications which will be unique to this specific case. If that happens, there may be a good case for a standard open operation. There are many problems which can be overcome with modern laparoscopic equipment, such as the surgeon not being able to properly see the organ being operated upon. The modern equipment is so small and flexible that it is usually possible to get round this problem. It is also usually possible to avoid any parts of the body which make navigation difficult, even it means another incision being made.

The risk inherent in laparoscopic nephrectomy is less than that of the full open surgery, for several reasons. There is less anesthetic needed, so less to react to. There is a smaller incision to make, reducing the risk of infection, and of excess bleeding. Fewer painkilling drugs will be needed at the end of the operation. There is also a much shorter recovery period before the patient can resume a normal life. That in itself can aid the process by reducing depression and boredom in a patient who is usually active, but needs to rest for an extended time. These are just some of the advantages of laparoscopic nephrectomy.


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